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Multi-Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS)

a framework for improving student learning

Multi-Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS), formerly Response to Intervention (RTI), is a framework that allows Nebraska school districts to expand their capacity to effectively educate and improve educational outcomes for all students.

MTSS creates a continuum of instructional support through a multi-tiered approach. At its foundation, RTI includes measuring the performance of all students, and basing educational decisions regarding curriculum, instruction, and intervention intensity on student data.

Tier 1: Core
Core curricula (the subjects taught at an educational institution, or the topics taught within a subject) will meet the needs of most students. 

Tier 2: Targeted
At the first sign that a student is lagging behind his/her peers in an academic area, targeted instruction that is matched to student needs and is more explicit is provided. This is in addition to core instruction in small, flexible, homogeneous groups.

Tier 3: Intensive
Intensive instruction is provided for students who continue to demonstrate more intensive needs.

Based on IDEA regulations (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), RTI documentation and data may be used as part of the comprehensive evaluation for special education eligibility.


A more complete discussion of RTI for school personnel is available on the Nebraska Department of Education web site.

The National Association of Schools Psychologists (NASP) offers a RTI Primer for Parents on its web site.